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LGA warns textiles and carpets could fall under POPs rules

Updated: May 15, 2023

The Local Government Association has published its response to Defra’s discussion on potential changes to the persistent organic pollutants (POPs) regulations. The LGA has warned that it wants more 'reassurance' that the amendments will not hit textiles.

young woman looking at vibrant red and orange textiles and carpets hanging down

Between 2 March and 27 April 2023 discussions were had and this came on the back of recent additions to the UN’s Stockholm Convention on POPs which the UK, as a party to the Convention, must implement nationally.

“Textiles and carpets could fall under POPs rules”

Defra asked about amending its regulations to add or update various POPs limits and adding new chemicals. This includes perfluorohexane sulfonate, often used in stain-resistant fabrics and Perfluorooctanoic acid, used in textiles and non-stick kitchen items.

While Defra said the recycling of textiles waste “should not be disrupted”, the LGA warned that it would like more reassurance on this, warning of “significant consequences for councils”.

The association said: “Defra’s consultation paper sets out a conveyor belt of additions and restrictions to the list of chemicals classed as POPs. Everyday items such as carpets, non-stick pans, paints and textiles will come into the scope of the POPs regulations. This will have significant consequences for councils in their capacity as collection and disposal authorities for household waste.”


The LGA also warned that the amendments to the POPs regulations will have cost implications for councils. Sending material containing POPs to specialised disposal routes will cost more than standard routes for household wastes.

“Councils need clarity on how these costs will be met. Any addition or change to the list of POPs should be treated as an additional burden on councils and properly funded,” - LGA

The LGA also said that given the growing number of chemicals registered as POPs and the “scale of the challenge” in finding safe disposal routes, Defra and the Environment Agency must involve the LGA “at an early stage” and work with local government on a structured implementation plan. This should be based on a “realistic view of costs and capacity”.

The LGA then called for a new relationship with Defra and the Environment Agency on the management of POPs in household waste. This could end up taking the form of a jointly developed long-term strategy for managing POPs in household waste.


The Environment Agency first announced in August 2022 that soft furnishings potentially contaminated with POPs, including any mixed loads containing these items, must be incinerated (see our page on everything POPs here).

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